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Belagavi ( earlier known as "Venugrama" or the "Bamboo Village") is one of the oldest, strong, prominent and well cultured historical place nestling high in the Western Ghats. The old town area with cotton and silk weavers stands gloriously besides the modern, bustling, tree-lined British Cantonment. Step out of the forts and you have a wide choice of temples and churches to visit. Belagavi has an enviable heritage and offers much to be discovered. It lies in the zone of cultural transition between Karnataka, Maharashtra and Goa with a known antiquity clearly traceable upto 2nd Century A.D. Due to its proximity with the states of Maharashtra and Goa, Belagavi has acquired the cultural flavour of these states and blended it with the local Kannada culture to create a rich heritage, which is unique in its manifestation. It is also known as Malenadu or Rain Country and the vegetation here is verdant green throughout the year. Well, centuries have passed and today it is an entirely different story. Belagavi has now become one of the important and considered district in the state of Karnataka. Belagavi is now marching with a tag of fast growing, redeveloping district with a population of approximately over 42,07,264. Belagavi is exactly at the center between Mumbai and Bangalore.
Belgaum (also called Belagavi in Kannada, Belgaon in Marathi ) is a city and a municipal corporation in Belgaum district in the state of Karnataka, India. It is the fifth largest city in the state of Karnataka, after Bengaluru, Hubli-Dharwad, Mysore, and Gulbarga the city has carved itself a new name as Kunda nagari because of its famous sweet dish Kunda . The city is also known as Sugar City", and the district as Sakkare Jille" (Sugar District) because of its enormous sugarcane cultivation and sugar production.
Belgaum, officially known as Belagavi and also referred to as Beḷgaon by the marathi speakers (earlier known as "Venugrama" or the "Bamboo Village) is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is the administrative headquarters of the eponymous Belgaum division and Belagavi district. The city is nearly 2,500 ft (762 m) above sea level. The states of Maharashtra and Goa border the district. The Government of Karnataka has proposed making Belagavi the second capital of Karnataka hence a second state administrative building Suvarna Vidhana Soudha was inaugurated on 11 October 2012. Belagavi city has been included in the Smart city list which is one among 100 cities that have been selected across the country.
Location & Geographical Area. Belgaum is located at 15.87�N 74.5�E. The city is situated in the northwestern parts of Karnataka and lies at the border of two states, Maharashtra and Goa on the Western Ghats (50 km from Goa state border). It is one of the oldest towns in the state, lying at a distance of 502 km from Bangalore;515 km from Hyderabad and 500 km from Mumbai.
Availability of Minerals. The major Mineral available in Belgaum district are Bauxite, Lime Stone, Dolomites, Quartite and Aluminous Laterits. Apart from that Building Stone, Ordinary Clay and Grey Granite C are readily available in this district.
Potential for new MSMEs Infrastructure development focused industries like fabrication, heavy structural Engineering works, electrical and Civil Engineering Enterprises have good demand in the district and also Hotels, Motels, Hospitals, Residential Schools, Agri. Farms, and Agro-based activities like Milking, sheep rearing etc have good scope in the district.
Belagavi has always been at the forefront of industrial growth in India. With its inherent capabilities coupled with its enterprising citizens, Belagavi provides the ideal choice for investment opportunities. Belagavi is one of the fastest growing cities with a very good Industrial Scenario in the northwestern part of Karnataka. Belagavi has several large industries, important among them are the INDAL Aluminium Factory and the Polyhydron Pvt. Ltd. Belagavi acts as a trade centre for food grains, sugarcane, cotton, tobacco, oilseed, and milk products. Industries include leather, clay, pottery, soap, cotton, and precious metals. It is very famous for it's Powerloom Industries which provide employment for many weavers. The Hydraulic Industry started here was first of it's kind in Belagavi District. Besides, Belagavi also provides excellent opprtunities for businessmen in almost all sections of the Society and thus is said to be an important Industrial and Business Centre.
Various Industries in and around Belagavi:
1) Polyhydron Pvt. Ltd. (Belagavi)
2) Doodh Ganga (Chikodi)
3) Indal Aluminium Company Limited - INDAL (Belagavi)
4) Heera Sugar Factory, Sankeshwar (Hukkeri)
5) Shree Bhagyalaxmi Sugar Factory (Khanapur)
Gokak falls (Gokak):
Gokak Falls is a waterfall known for its beauty. It is at a distance of 60 Kms from Belagavi and 10kms from Gokak town. Located right on the main road is a celebrated tourist centre in the district. This falls has a height of about 170 feet. The river Ghataprapha after winding a course of a long route takes a leap of 52 meters, over a rocky bed 170 feet down. The falls is famous for its spread and shape. The rugged valley and the picturesque is what inspires poetry. The dull roar of the falls can be heard much before you reach it. "Except in width and colour of the water, the general features of the fall, its height, shape and rapidity above are much like those of Niagara". The falls are horse-shoe shaped at the crest, with a flood breadth of 177 metres. June to September is the best season to visit Gokak as it bees in full bloom. Electricity was generated here for the first time in the country in 1887. This generating station can be reached on the rope way.
Belagavi Fort (Belagavi):
It is an Ancient Architectural pre-muslim monument where mosques and temples co-exist in perfect harmony, though not much of the orginal structure remains. The fort was built in the 12th century A.D by the local Ratta rulers. It was renovated and built on by successive rulers who ruled Belagavi from time-to-time. At the very entrance, you will find two Shrines; One dedicated to Lord Ganpati and the other to Lordess Durga. Safa masjid is one of the two mosques inside the fort and by far is the best of the 25-30 mosques in the city. The minars, domes and Arches point to a typical fusion of Indo-Sarcenic and Deccan styles of the Architecture. The sense of the past is all-pervading here. Two of the circular pillars in the Jamia hall are said to be from the old temples. Some of them have Kannada Inscriptions in Nagari Script, while others have beautiful Persian script forming exquisite calligraphic decorations.
Kapileshwara Temple (Belagavi) :