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Hubli officially known as Hubballi is an agglomerating city in the state of Karnataka, India. The name Hubballi literally means "Flowering creeper" in Kannada. The state of Karnataka is one of the prominent states in the Southern region of India with Bengaluru as its capital, falling under A-1‟ category of CCA and HRA1 Classification, similarly Hubli-Dharwad is classified as B2‟ under CCA and B-2‟ under HRA category. Being the district head quarters, Hubli Dharwad municipal corporation (HDMC) was established as a municipal council in the year 1855-1856 Later it is upgraded as Municipal Corporation in 1962. The Corporation comprises 67 wards with an Corporator for each ward, elected by the citizens of Hubli Dharwad every five years. The present Mayor is Smt. Poorna Sudhir Patil with 67 councillors. The city administration is headed by an IAS officer as Commissioner of Municipal administration.
Hubli is the commercial hub of Karnataka, it has wide cluster of industries and has more than a lakh small and medium industries. The Government of India has set up a Software Technology park on Pune Bangalore Road and Aryabhatta Tech Park in Navanagar region of Hubli. The city is situated on the dividing line between Malnad and the Deccan plateau. Malnad is well known for its forests and forest based industries and the other three sides are known for their agricultural products like cotton, groundnut and oil seeds, besides manganese ore and granite. Establishment of new-generation diesel loco shed in the city by Indian railways was another major boost for development of Industries in this region as this was first of its kind in Indian Railways history. The diesel loco shed at Hubli is the largest holder of EMD locomotive in India and was set up in 1880. The agricultural produce market of Hubli at Amargol is one of the largest markets in Asia and the cotton market of Hubli is among the largest in India.
Hubli-Dharwad City Profile: Hubli and Dharwad are twin cities in the state of Karnataka, India. The people of these cities came from several places in and around state irrespective of language, religion and culture. The cities have pleasant climate. The greenery of the cities are an added attraction along with the climate and one can visit these at any time of the year and enjoy the salubrious climate. Hubli, also called Hubballi, is a major city in the state of Karnataka of India. The name Hubballi literally means "flowering creeper" in Kannada. The twin cities Hubli and Dharwad, collectively referred to as "Hubli-Dharwad", is the secondlargest conurbation in Karnataka after Bangalore. While Dharwad is the administrative headquarters, the Hubli, is the commercial and business hub of North Karnataka. Crops like cotton and peanuts are grown aplenty in the surrounding rural areas, and Hubli is a major trading center for both commodities. It is also an important city for the Indian Railways, because the headquarters divisional and zonal head offices are located here for South Western Railway Zone.
Hubli is well connected by road, rail and air. NWKRTC (North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation) is a state run corporation headquarted at Gokul Road, Hubli. There is excellent inter-city transportation between Hubli and Dharwad as NWKRTC and Bendre Nagara Sarige (a consortium of private bus-owners) healthily compete to cater to the large number of commuters between Hubli and Dharwad daily. Bus services from the twin-cities exist to every part of Karnataka and neighbouring states and other popular destinations. There are many private bus operators who render 24 hours services between Hubli, Bangalore, Mangalore, Pune, Mumbai, Hyderabad. Several passenger and express trains ply between Hubli and Bangalore every day. Hubli being an important railway junction has daily trains to Gadag, Bagalkot, Bijapur, Solapur, Bellary, Belgaum, Bangalore, Mumbai, Pune, Delhi, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Vijayawada, Mysore, Tirupati and weekly services to Chennai, Howrah and Thiruvanantapuram.
The twin cities of Hubli and Dharwad, collectively referred to as "Hubli-Dharwad", is the second-largest city in Karnataka after Bengaluru. While Dharwad is the administrative headquarters, the city of Hubli, situated about 20 km south-east of Dharwad, is the commercial center and business hub of North Karnataka region. Crops like cotton, chilly and peanuts are grown aplenty in the surrounding rural agricultural areas, and Hubli is a major trading center for these commodities. It is also an important city for the Indian Railways, as it is the headquarters for South Western Railway Zone and the Hubli Railway Division. Hubli is a major railway junction in North Karnataka. It is also the headquarters of North Western Karnataka Road Transport Corporation. Hubli also houses the largest number of government offices outside Bangalore. IIT has been sanctioned to Dharwad and is said to start admissions from 2016.
The twin-city of Hubli-Dharwad Hubli-Dharwad is a twin-city in the north of the southern Indian State of Karnataka, with a population of approximately 800,000. In 1991, Hubli-Dharwad was ranked 44th among India's 308 urban agglomerations. There are two urban centres, separated by about 20 km along National Highway 4. The area that separates the two urban centres, known as Navalnagar, was designated a new settlement to link Hubli and Dharwad in the 1970s. This area has a main railway line and a variety of non-agricultural activities are being developed along it, including industries, offices, warehouses and residential areas.
The twin-city is in Dharwad District, which, after re-organisation in 1998, has five talukas, or subdistricts. It is the second largest city in Karnataka, after Bangalore, the State capital. The twin-city is administered by the Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation (HDMC), which provides the cities' infrastructural services, including water supply and solid waste collection and disposal. The Hubli-Dharwad Urban Development Authority (HDUDA) is charged with implementing the Comprehensive Development Plan, regulating development activities and providing new residential layouts. The two cities provide quite different services, Dharwad has more education institutes and houses the district headquarters, and Hubli is a more industrial and commercial centre. The twincity therefore has two hubs, which are quite different in nature, with Dharwad having a lower density of population and more open spaces than Hubli.
Urban employment in agricultural activities Involvement in agricultural activities ranges from gaining casual work in the urban and periurban areas during peak seasons of demand, such as weeding and harvesting, to owning a dairy within the city. Agricultural activities were categorised as �cultivation�, �agricultural labourer� and �livestock farmer� in the 1991 census. On account of the size and nature of Hubli-Dharwad, some residents rely exclusively on agricultural activities. There is no information in the census data regarding income groups within the agricultural sector, though it is likely that most, if not all, agricultural labourers are lower-income people and many of these are women. The urban female workforce involved in urban agricultural activities was 20% in 1991, compared to the urban male figure of 11%. This represents a significant gender difference in terms of reliance on urban agriculture as a source of income generation.
Hubli-Dharwad is located at 15�21′42″N 75�05′06″E in the Dharwad district of Karnataka. Hubli-Dharwad is situated on the edge of Western Ghats and hence is a hilly city. Spread over seven small hills at an average altitude of 750 meters above sea level, the city enjoys a salubrious climate amidst thick vegetation. Years ago, Hubli-Dharwad was known for its lakes but several have now dried out. The lakes that still exist are Sadhankeri, Kelgeri (a manmade lake created during British rule, almost 100 years old) and Nuggikeri. Hubli-Dharwad has plenty of green vegetation and Karnataka University's Botanical Garden is a sanctuary for flora and fauna. Kelgeri, Sadhanakeri and Nuggikeri are also homes for water birds.
Climate and Rainfall
Hubli-Dharwad has a tropical wet and dry climate and summer is hot and dry, lasting from February to June. They are followed by the monsoon season, with moderate temperatures and a large amount of precipitation. Temperatures are fairly moderate from October to February, with virtually no rainfall. This is the best season to visit Hubli-Dharwad. The height above mean sea level of Hubli-Dharwad is 627 meters. The average yearly rainfall is 838 mm.
Hubli Airport (IATA: HBX, ICAO: VOHB) is one of the operational airport in north Karnataka. Spice Jet operates flights to Bangalore, Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, and Jabalpur . Air Pegasus started its operation from 13/04/2015 from Hubli to Bangalore and Chennai. It is currently being upgraded to international airport and a sanction of Rs 160 crore has been made available for this purpose.
Hubli is the headquarters of the South Western Railway zone. It was carved out as a zone from the current South Central Railway. It is the centre for the Hubli Division. The Hubli Division is one of the highest revenue generating divisions in India. Hubli is well-connected by the Indian Rail Network. Several express, superfast and Shatabdi trains ply between Hubli and Bangalore every day. Hubli, an important railway junction, has daily trains connecting with major towns across the country. An upcoming monorail project at Hubli city is set to boost the intercity transport.
Hubli lies on the "Golden Quadrilateral". Asian Highway 47 passes through Hubli. It lies on National Highway 63 (Ankola - Gooty) and National Highway 218 (Hubli - Humnabad) which connect Hubli with major cities in the region. NWKRTC (North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation) is a state run corporation headquartered at Hubli. There is frequent inter-city transportation between Hubli and Dharwad. Bus services from the twin-cities go to every part of Karnataka, neighboring states, and other popular destinations. There are many private bus operators who render services for overnight travel between Hubli and other major cities. A bus rapid-transit system (BRTS) is under construction in Hubli. It will have a length of 70 km and is being built on an eight-lane expressway between Hubli and Dharwad. It will be funded by government of Karnataka and will be managed by HDBRTS Company.