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Shimoga is the main city of Shimoga district in the state of Karnataka. The name 'Shimoga' is derived from the term Shiva-Mukha, meaning, 'Face of Shiva'. Locally, it is called ShivaMogga. This place is famous for its landscapes, waterfalls and paddy fields. Shimoga district is popularly known as the Rice Bowl of Karnataka.. The city is located 273 km southwest of Bangalore. It is bound by the districts of Davanagere to the east, Chikmagalur to the southeast, Udupi to the southwest, Haveri to the northeast, and North Canara (Uttara Kannada) to the northwest.
The main rivers of Shimoga are Sharavathi, Varada, Tungabhadra and Kumudavathi, which play a main role in the production of paddy in this region. History of Shimoga Shimoga was formed during the advent of Emperor Ashoka, in the third century BC. It was ruled by the great Indian dynasties of the Chalukyas, Gangas, Kadambas, Rashtrakutas, Hoysals, Keladi Nayakas, Vijayanagar Kings and Mysore Maharajas. The city was a part of the Mysore kingdom from the late 17th century until the Independence of India in 1947.
Shimoga, officially renamed as Shivamogga, is a city and the district headquarters of Shimoga District in the central part of the state of Karnataka, India. The city lies on the banks of the Tunga River. Being the gateway for the hilly region of the Western Ghats, the city is popularly nicknamed as "Gateway of Malnad. Shivamogga is a true picture of nature's bounty-landscapes dotted with waterfalls, swaying palms and lush paddy fields make for picturesque locales.
Shivamogga , almost central on the Karnataka map is the rice bowl of the State. The rivers Tungabhadra, Sharavathi, Varada and Kumudavathi inundate the luxuriant greens of the region.Shivamogga was ruled by the great Indian dynasties of the Kadambas, Gangas, Chalukyas, Rastrakutas, Keladi and Vijaynagar Kings. Shivamogga ( Face of Shiva), was established by the Keladi rulers. It reached its pinnacle during the rule of Shivappa Nayaka around 1600 A.D.
The Sahyadri ranges,part of the Western Ghats, feed the rivers round the year, and inundate the fertile alluvial soil, this nature's blessing makes it the bread basket of Karnataka. The Sharavathi Hydel Project and Varahi Project provide a substantial portion of the state's power needs.
Today, Shivamogga is more than just a tourist destination. Its rich tradition in education, fine arts and culture remain deeply etched in its people and place. The enchanting natural scenery of hills, hillocks and green dales, rivers and streams, dense forests, flora & fauna, forts, temples and historical places, sandalwood and spices, add to this mouth-watering cuisine and touching hospitality and you know you've got - HEAVEN ON EARTH
The city is 569 m above sea level and is surrounded by lush green paddy fields, arecanut and coconut groves. The population of Shimoga city is 322,428, consisting of 161,978 males and 160,450 females, as per 2011 census.
Shivamogga district has as on 31.3.2000, 9779 no. of units with an investment of Rs.11715.90 lakhs, employing 41000 persons. Agro based industries and Automobile based industries and the Engineering based industries are the prominent ones in the district. The average investment per unit is about Rs.1.30 lakhs and the employment per unit on an average is 4 persons. So far, the investment made is maximum under the food and beverages sector followed by the general Engineering/mechanical products. Likewise, the employment provided is also maximum from Food & Beverages sector followed by General Engineering/ mechanical sector.
The foundry units in the district have been very successful in producing quality products. They have been manufacturing components for automobile sector, electric motors etc. Some of them have been exporting their products that have obtained ISO certification.
Under the rural artisans category, there are units like traditional carpentry, blacksmithy, leathercrafts, pottery, beekeeping, stone cutting, handlooms, agarabathi and sandal carving etc. There are about 13126 artisans spread over the entire district under various crafts. Among these, sandalwood articles have brought number of awards to the district. These products have been displayed in various trade fairs and exhibitions. Some articles are being exported through KSHDC.
Strengths of shivamogga
� Agriculture including animal husbandry has been the major contributing sector for the income of the district.
� The district has abundant non-cultivable and fallow land available which can be effectively used for starting industries and district has 3 Hydro-Electric Power projects. The district has 124 km length of railway line in the district is of which line between Shivamogga and Bangalore has been converted in to broad gauge. The district has 2420 kms. Length of surfaced roads.
� About 400 Engineers and 1300 diploma holders are graduating from the district every year. In addition, there are students passing out from general education Institutes, one Dental College and two Indian Systems of Medicine colleges. Skill oriented Training in Carpentry, leather stitching, cane & Bamboo & Sandalwood carving is provided at ATI, Sagar.
� The regional design & Technical Development Centre, Govt. of India has been imparting training in lacquer-ware at Kugve, Sagar taluk. RUPREG (Rural self employment promotion research guidance center) is specialised training centre promoted by Canara Bank in association with Dept of Industries & Commerce, GOK to train the rural youth in tailoring, embroidery, motor winding, hand pump repair and also conducting EDPs.
� Handicraft artisans producing sandalwood and rosewood articles are producing certain precious articles, which have great demand in the country as well as abroad.
� The foundry and automobile sectors have excelled by way of its quality and innovativeness. This factor needs to be utilized for further development.
Human Resource -- educated skilled and uneducated which shapes and controls the material resources in the industrial development is abundantly available in the district which can be effectively utilised for the industrial development.
Shivamogga district happens to be Granary of paddy in Karnataka. The major share of the district income is from Agriculture sector. Agricultural resources can be properly used for conversion into value added products.
Teak, sandalwood, Rosewood, etc. available in the forests, have very good potential for value added products, if permitted by the Govt. Horticultural crops & plantation in the district indicate a promising future for many new industries. Even though the apiculture activity has not been in full swing with proper support, bee keeping could be a profitable venture.
There is also scope for increasing the strength of cattle as there is demand for milk.
As an Auto complex is established exclusively for automobile related units, there is a good opportunity to start ancillary units catering to the requirements of KSRTC or Telco etc.
A Science & Technology Entrepreneurs� Park in JNN College of Engg. could pave way for better industry-institute interaction, creating a healthy environment for the industrial growth.