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Developed in the year 1972, Navi Mumbai is one of the finest and largest well planned townships of the world. This city displays a classic example of the process of urbanization in India and it has developed tremendously in the last five years. The city witnessed quick progress and evolved into a happening new place comprising of malls, restaurants, multiplex theatres and various other sources of entertainment. Located about 29 km towards the north eastern part of Mumbai, Navi Mumbai is an attractive city with numerous beautiful locations to visit such as Vashi, Belapur and Nerul. It is a perfect holiday destination for tourists as the city offers its guests several mesmerizing views such as Rain Tree Marg, Khargar, Central Park, etc. This twin city of Mumbai, situated between Thane Creek, Sahyadri Mountains and sea coast, was designed to decongest Mumbai. The city of Navi Mumbai also offers its visitors some classy restaurants and hotels to enjoy their stay while in Navi Mumbai. Scroll further to read more about how this city came into being and also a short description of some of the places which you should not miss out.
The planning and construction of New Bombay was given over to the City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO), set up for this purpose in 1970 by the Maharashtra State Government. For the first ten years of the project CIDCO acted as the planning and administrative body, as well as the developer and builder for the project. New Bombay, with a population of 200,000, now includes 95 villages, an industrial zone and large tracts of agricultural as well as barren and marshy lands. Nevertheless a huge fraction of the residents commute to the island city daily. Vashi, just across the Thane Creek from Bombay, has developed into the core of New Bombay, offering 56% of the area's employment Navi Mumbai the City of the 21st Century is being developed as a counter magnet to Mumbai, with the basic objective of curbing further growth of the mega city of Mumbai.
The largest new town development in the world, Navi Mumbai spreads over 344 sq. km. with all the essential infrastructure in place. This modern city, with a target population of 2 million by the year 2003 AD, is being developed as a series of self contained nodes strung along an efficient Mass Transport System. The well-planned transportation network consisting of Road, Rail and Waterway systems makes Navi Mumbai easily accessible from all parts of the country. The proposed Domestic cum International Airport is envisaged to further enhance this accessibility.
A host of unique projects on the anvil, such as the Multiplex and Family Entertainment Complex, International Exhibition Centre, Amusement Park, Golf Course, International IT Hardware Park and the like are expected to catapult Navi Mumbai on to the world map. Navi Mumbai, strategically located on the proposed Mumbai Pune `Knowledge Corridor', has been receiving a lot of thrust with respect to Information Technology. The Government of Maharashtra has plans drawn up to develop Navi Mumbai as high tech habitats for IT Industry.
History Of Navi Mumbai
The plan and design of the city of Navi Mumbai (formerly known as New Bombay) was initiated as a result of the increasing congestion of Mumbai which had grown manifold by the 70s making it impossible to accommodate any more people. Hence, Navi Mumbai was built as a twin city of Mumbai so that its population could be managed as Mumbai, composed of seven islands, had major limitations with respect to physical expansion. On 17 March 1971, the foundation of the 'City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO)' took place which was initiated as per the 'Companies Act' of 1956. The development and maintenance of Navi Mumbai was controlled by 'CIDCO' during the first ten years of its developmental stages, post which the new city was handed over to the public. CIDCO made 14 nodes (townships) and also constructed railway stations and commercial areas nearby Navi Mumbai.
Transportation Facilities In Navi Mumbai
The most common form of transportation is either buses or trains. If in case you have to travel across the nodes of Navi Mumbai, auto rickshaws are the most sought after means of transport. In order to reduce traffic blocks in the populated regions of the city, 'Mumbai Suburban Railways' was initiated. Also, an International Airport is under-construction in the city. Till this airport becomes fully functional, the Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport is the closest airport located at a distance of 30km from Navi Mumbai. This city has numerous flyovers, enormous parking spaces and broad roadways. The only problem that the residents of this city face is the fact that commutation to Mumbai takes too much time and effort and leaves a lot to be desired.
Navi Mumbai: The tale of City
Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Planning Board recommended considering a twin city across facilitate the separation of greater Mumbai and CIDCO was entrusted with developing necessary social and physical infrastructure. Forty-one years later, CIDCO has carved out an eminent nest of planned, sustain and self sufficient inhabitation, out of a common, undeveloped expanse of 344 sq. km. which was once a marshy sanctuary to salt pans and paddy fields.
Navi Mumbai has become a unique project by virtue of its pattern of development, housing, social and physical infrastructure, method of finance and sustainable futuristic planning, earning the city a reputation of being a Super City and one of the largest planned city.
Polycentric pattern of development ensured balanced land and even distribution of residential areas, job centres, wholesale markets, non-polluting industry and population density. Today, Navi Mumbai is endowed with an entire gamut of infrastructure facilities.
Project and site details
2. The Navi Mumbai project area spread over approx. 343.7 sq.kms and contained 95 villages of Thane and Raigad Districts. The area covered under the project had about 17,000 hectares of private land and an equal area of forest and government land. Most of the land was marshy and barren. Although the 95 goanthane were within the project area, care was taken to exclude them from acquisition and thereby retain their homes. The existing population in the project area was 1,17,000. The individuals comprised of village artisans, agriculture labour, fishermen and salt-pan workers (about 25000 original landowners). They had a low level of literacy or skills in the urban activities. Fishing, salt cultivation and agriculture were the main sources of livelihood. The project would entail loss of livelihood and require the inhabitants to develop new skills in accordance with requirements of the new city and hardships in the short run for this population.
3. To act as counter-magnet to Mumbai, the new city would have to provide the new inhabitants with all facilities, amenities, jobs, etc that shall equal if not better Greater Mumbai. The project was envisaged to be developed on a self financing basis using land as a resource and to accommodate 2 million people and 750,000 jobs. The entire private land was to be acquired by the government and placed at the disposal of CIDCO. Land holdings were small and of irregular shapes, therefore, land assembly was a difficult task. Government lands and salt pan lands were, however, bigger in size. Inherent value of the land was very low because of its physical condition, quality and total lack of infrastructure in the area. Lack of resources was thus a major concern in the initial stages of development.
4. The project site has peculiar setting with creek on one side and hill ranges bounding it on the other side. The combination of high rainfall in the rainy season along-with the high-tide in the creek makes the site vulnerable to flooding and efficient disposal of storm-water vital.
5. It was with this background the development of Navi Mumbai began. The challenges thus were manifold; to rehabilitate the original landowners (PAP) and to weave an urban fabric that would transcend both PAP and the new incumbent , to develop a self sustaining city, to harness nature and manage the topographical constraints, to create jobs, housing, social facilities & amenities all this with a seed capital of Rs. 3.95 crores.
The growth of Navi Mumbai was expected to decongest Mumbai in respect of both population and activities by shifting of industrial, market and office activities in a way that the new city will be sustainable physically, economically and environmentally.
Evolution of Navi Mumbai
A phenomenal rate of urban growth has been experienced by India during the 25 years following independence and Bombay has had its due share in it. The population of Greater Bombay rose from 2.966 millions in 1951 to 4.152 millions in 1961 and to 5.970 millions in 1971, registering 40.0 and 43.80 per cent growths during the first and second decades respectively. The rapid rate of growth of population, made possible by the increasing industrial and commercial importance of the city, resulted in a fast deterioration in the quality of life for the majority of people living in the city. Development inputs could not keep pace with the rapidly growing population, industry, trade and commerce. Besides, there are physical limitations to the growth of a city built on a long and narrow peninsula, which has very few connections with the mainland.
What makes Navi Mumbai a 'Super Smart City'?
1. Spread over 344 sq. km. land, which includes a 150 km creek line.
2. 14 well-planned nodes, strung along mass transport corridors, effectively serving civic needs (Airoli, Ghansoli, Kopar Khairane, Vashi, Sanpada, Nerul, CBD Belapur, Kharghar, Kamothe, Kalamboli, New Panvel, Ulwe, Dronagiri and Pushpak.
3. 45% land reserved for green zones and open-to-sky activities.
4. World-class infrastructure with excellent healthcare facilities in every node.
5. Quality housing for every stratum of society.
6. World-class education institutes in every node.
7. Reasonably priced commercial and residential real estate.
8. Direct access to any part of the country through road and rail. Quick access to Central Business District located in the heart of the city.
9. In close proximity to the most modern seaport - Jawaharlal Nehru Port.
10. International airport and Special Economic Zone in the offing.
11. Only Indian city to have commercial complex above railway stations.
12. Asia's biggest wholesale market, APMC, is located here.